专业术语

Glossary of Heavy Machinery Transmission Parts

Heavy machinery is called upon to execute a variety of earthwork operations and construction tasks. Known as heavy equipment, engineering equipment, or heavy vehicles, heavy machinery functions by multiplying the ratio between force exerted and input force applied.

正如人们想象的那样,需要大量的运动部件,以保持重型设备正常运行。让我们来看看世界各地重型设备上的一些最重要和无处不在的传动部件。

Torque Converters
通常位于车辆的变速器和发动机的弯曲板之间,扭矩转换器是液压泵,其调节整个重型设备的传动过程中传动流体的加压和流动。扭矩转换器是圆形的,由内泵组成由由流体通道和在加速时旋转的小齿轮组成。

A torque converter supplies the force necessary to shift the transmission and allow it to engage the gears. Without a torque converter, the transmissions on dozers, back hoes, and other heavy equipment would not be able to properly function.

Air Clutches
Air clutches play an important role in heavy machinery operations as they are responsible for power and torque transference. A standard engine contains an output shaft that engages and transfers power from the flywheel to the transmission. Most heavy machinery, however, utilize power take offs, or PTOs, that serve the same function.

空气离合金莎app器使用压缩空气来接合电源起飞,使其旋转或驱动外围设备或部件。通过压缩空气接合或脱离空气离合器而不是使用离心力或液压油。金莎app通过阀门的增加的空气产生升档,而空气的减少可能导致机制降低。

Pneumatic Clutches
Pneumatic clutches are quite powerful and often used on heavy machinery and large industrial equipment. They provide tremendous torque control, which is a requirement for any piece of heavy machinery. Unlike mechanical clutches that strictly involve the use of solid moving parts to perform the bulk of the heavy lifting, pneumatic clutches use compressed air to transfer energy from a machine’s engine to its other moving parts.

When disengaged, a pneumatic clutch will quickly shoot compressed air through the shaft and at the throw-out bearing, opening the clutch and desynchronizing the engine and the transmission. When it is re-engaged, on the other hand, air is bled out. At this point, springs release and it’s time to once again begin moving.

Heat Exchanger/Cooler
热交换器或冷却器是专门的专门制造的设备,以便有效地将热或冷空气从一个介质转移到另一个媒体。通常,介质由墙壁分开,以防止直接接触或混合。

最好的服务le of a heat exchanger can be found in an internal combustion engine. In these engines, which are used to operate most of today’s heavy machinery, engine coolant is used to flow through radiator coils. Meanwhile, air flows past the radiator coils as well, which helps keep the coolant cold and warm the incoming air.

扭矩液
扭矩流体是扭矩转换器使用的液压流体形式。当存在在输出和输入之间有明显的差异时,扭矩流体对于使离合器能够使离合器换档是必金莎app不可少的。在某些情况下,差速器可以非常高,而没有扭矩流体,重型设备的机械问题或传输损坏的风险更大,限制了机械齿轮的使用。

流体的粘度或厚度有助于转移压力并触及转化过程。虽然具有较厚粘度的扭矩流体是建筑设备和其他重型机械的理想虽然适用于较小机械的理想。扭矩流体较厚,能够从传动传递的能量越多。

Water-Cooled Brakes
While not necessarily considered transmission parts, water-cooled brakes are commonly used in dynamometers, mooring winch systems, towing winches, logging and forestry equipment, tension brakes, drilling equipment, and many other heavy machines, simply because they have been designed for extremely high heat braking conditions and constant slip.

Water-cooled brakes are actuated by air and cooled by an open or closed loop cooling system that provides them with a continuous flow of coolant. The air tube used for actuation is corrosion resistant and requires no special treatments or coatings. Servicing them in the field is relatively simple as well. Specifically designed for the dissipation of large thermal loads, water-cooled brakes are a popular option for many heavy machinery operators.

Power Take Offs
Power take offs serve a number of uses, and although they originated as tractor additions during World War I, they have been adapted over the years for multiple purposes. Today, power take offs are used to pump water through fire hoses, lift and release the loads of dump trucks, and even operate small cranes and wenches. Through their ability to transfer the power created by an engine to virtually any tool, power take offs can handle almost any task.

这些传动部件对于当今的重型机械至关重要。通过了解机器上的关键组件,您可以让它们保持强大并准备解决任何工作。